Complementary and traditional medicine in Tuscany (Italy): its integration in the public health system and international cooperation experiences

Elio Rossi, Mariella Di Stefano, Sonia Baccetti, Fabio Firenzuoli, Lorenzo Roti, Monica Da Frè, Martha Perez Viña, Vuk Stambolovich


Rational and appropriate use of complementary and traditional medicine resources can contribute to reducing drug consumption and therefore public health care costs (Smallwood, 2009). Furthermore, these therapies can help diminish the side-effects of chemical drugs, a world-wide phenomenon in constant growth. Finally, the production and use of traditional remedies can foster the development of local economies, valorizing autochthonous cultures and generating economic activities able to optimize the local resources. The Tuscany Region represents an interesting case study both regarding the integration of non-conventional medicine in the public regional health care system and because of its long-time experience of supporting the inclusion and the development of Complementary and Traditional Medicine (CTM) through activities of international cooperation. This article aims at discussing the specificities of the Tuscan experience in the integration of CTM both within its territory, and in Cuba and Serbia.


complementary and traditional medicine; Tuscany; international cooperation; public health systems

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